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Kitaab At-Tawheed, Chapter: 2

Fear of Shirk

Allah (swt ), says:

" Verily, Allah forgives not that partners be set up with Him [in worship] but He forgives other than that to whom He pleases; and whoever sets up partners with Allah [in worship], he has indeed invented an enormous wrong" (Qur'an 4:48)

Shirk is the most dangerous of all sins, the wickedest and the most severely punished because of the dishonour and denigration of the Rabb, Almighty, All-powerful, and the likening of Allah (swt ) to His creation which it entails. Allah (swt ) informs us in this verse that He will not forgive the one who commits Shirk and dies as a Mushrik,1 but as for the one who dies believing in the Oneness of Allah (swt ), although he may have committed some sins, Allah (swt ) has promised him forgiveness in accordance with His Will. Then He explains why the mushrik will not be forgiven, saying that by his association of partners with Allah (swt ), he has rejected Him and belied Him and committed a sin the like of which there is no other.

Benefits Derived From This Verse

1. That whoever dies being guilty of Shirk Akbar, will assuredly go to the Fire.

2. Whoever dies believing in the Oneness of Allah, although he may have committed major sins, may be forgiven if Allah, Most Glorified, Most High Wills.

3. In the verse is a reply to the khawarij,2 who charged those guilty of major sins with disbelief, and to the mu'tazilah,3 who believed that those guilty of major sins would spend eternity in the Fire.

4. Confirmation of the Divine Will which is one of His Attributes.

Relevance of This Verse to the Subject of Tawheed

That it proves that Allah Will not forgive those who are guilty of Shirk and this should be a warning to all.

..ooOOoo..

Allah (swt ), says:

" And [remember] when Ibrahim said: "My Rabb! Make this city one of peace and security, and keep me and my sons away from worshipping idols" (Qur'an 13:35)

Allah (swt ), Most Glorified, Most High, informs us that Ibrahim (as ) supplicated Allah (swt ) to make Makkah a place of safety and stability, because fear and chaos prevent people from performing their religious rituals. Then he followed this with another request to his Rabb: That He preserve him and his family from idol worship, for he knew the danger of that and he knew how easily people can be seduced by it.

Benefits Derived From This Verse

1. The virtue of Makkah over other cities.

2. Ibrahim's prayer for the security and stability of Makkah.

3. Evidence of the benefit of supplication.

4. That the original religion of all the Messengers is one: Belief in the Oneness of Allah.

5. The desirability of one's supplicating on behalf of his family.

6. The forbiddance of worshipping idols.

Relevance of This Verse to the Subject of Tawheed

That it proves that Ibrahim, with his strong faith, fears for himself and his family that they may be affected by Shirk; thus, the obligation upon us to fear Shirk is that much greater.

..ooOOoo..

It is reported that the Prophet (saas ) said: "Of the things which I fear for my Ummah, the thing which I fear most is minor Shirk. Then he was asked about minor Shirk, and he said: "It is ar-riyaa."4

The Prophet (saas ) informs us in this Hadith that he fears for us, and that what he fears most for us is minor Shirk. This shows how kind-hearted and compassionate the Prophet (saas ) was towards his Ummah, and how concerned he was for their good: He knew the dangers of minor Shirk, how it can strongly manifest itself in the community, polluting the pure monotheism of the Muslims, especially since it can afflict them without them even knowing it. This is why the Prophet (saas ) warned them to beware of it.

Benefits Derived From This Hadith

1. The care and concern shown by the Messenger of Allah (saas ) for his Ummah.

2. The division of Shirk into two categories: Major and minor.

3. That riyaa` is considered Shirk.

4. The obligation of asking the people of knowledge about matters which confuse them.

Relevance of This Hadith to the Subject of Tawheed

That the Hadith proves that Allah's Messenger (saas ) feared for his Companions that they might unwittingly fall into minor Shirk; this, in spite of their strong faith and understanding of Islam and Tawheed. Therefore, we, with our comparatively weak faith and little knowledge, are even more obligated to fear both major and minor Shirk.

..ooOOoo..

It is reported on the authority of Ibn Mas'ood (ra ) that the Messenger of Allah (saas ) said:

"Whoever died while supplicating another deity besides Allah (swt ), will enter the Fire." (Narrated by Bukhari)

The Prophet (saas ) informs us in this Hadith that whoever adulterated that which should be purely for Allah (swt ) (i.e. worship), by worshipping others besides Him, and died in this state, will have his abode in the Hell-fire.

Benefits Derived From This Hadith

1. Whoever died as a Mushrik will enter the Fire - If it was major Shirk, he will abide therein forever, but if it was minor Shirk, then Allah (swt ) will punish him as much as He wishes, then he will be allowed to leave the Fire.

2. That a person will be judged upon his last act in this world.5

Relevance of This Hadith to the Subject of Tawheed

That the Hadith proves that whoever died calling upon a deity other than Allah (swt ), will enter the Hell-fire, therefore it is incumbent upon us to fear Shirk.

..ooOOoo..

It is reported by Muslim, on the authority of Jabir (ra ), that Allah's Messenger (saas ) said:

"Whoever meets Allah (swt ), without associating partners with Him, will enter Paradise; and whoever meets Him as one who associated anything with Him, will enter the Fire.

The Prophet (saas ) informs us in this Hadith that whoever died without associating partners with Allah (swt ) - either in Rabbship or worship or in His Divine Names and Attributes is promised an abode in Paradise, while whoever died as a Mushrik, will abide in the Hell-fire.

Benefits Derived From This Hadith

1. Confirmation of the existence of Paradise and Hell.

2. That a person will be judged upon his last act in this world.

3. Whoever died believing in the Oneness of Allah (swt ), will not dwell forever in the Hell-fire, but will find his eternal abode in Paradise.

4. Whoever died as a Mushrik must dwell eternally in the Hell-fire.

Relevance of the Hadith to the Subject of Tawheed

That the Hadith proves that whoever died as a Mushrik will enter the Fire, and the knowledge of this obliges us to fear Shirk in all its manifestations.

 

Footnotes

1. Mushrik: One who commits Shirk.
2. Khawaarij: A deviant sect, who claimed that committing major sins takes a person out of the fold of Islam.
3. Mu'tazilah: A deviant sect, who denied the Divine Attributes of Allah (swt), and claimed that those who committed major sins would dwell eternally in the Hell-fire.
4. Narrated by Imam Ahmad.
5. It is reported on the authority of 'Abdullah Ibn 'Amr (ra) that Allah's Messenger (saas) said: "...verily, he whose abode will be Paradise, his final deed will be of the deeds of the people of Paradise, whatever he did (previously), and verily, he who is destined for the Hell-fire, his final deed will be of the deeds of the people of the Hell-fire, whatever he did (previously)." (Narrated by Ahmad and At-Tirmizi, who said it is hasan-saheeh-ghareeb i.e. somewhere between the classifications of saheeh (authentic) and hasan (good), though narrated at some point(s) in its sanad by only one narrator.

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