In the name of Allah ,the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful



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Kitaab At-Tawheed, Chapter: 64

What Has Been Said About Allah's Words: " They Made Not a Just Estimate of Allah"

Allah (swt ), says:

" No just estimate have they made of Allah, such as is due to Him: On the Day of Resurrection, the whole earth will be in His Grasp and the heavens will be rolled up in His right Hand. Glory to Him! High is He above the partners they attribute to Him" (Qur'an 39:67)

Allah (swt ), Most Glorified, Most High, informs us in this verse that the polytheists do not glorify Allah (swt ) as is His right, because they worship others beside Him, when He (swt ) is the Owner of everything and Able to do all things: He will hold the whole world and the heavens and the earth in His right Hand on the Day of Resurrection and He (swt ) is Exalted far above that which they attribute to Him.

Benefits Derived From This Verse

1. That those who worship others beside Allah do not glorify Him as is His right upon them.

2. The obligation to glorify Allah and to abstain from attributing to Him that which does not befit His Majesty.

3. Confirmation of Allah possessing Hands in a manner befitting His Majesty.

Relevance of This Verse to the Subject of the Chapter and to the Subject of Tawheed

That it proves the obligation to glorify Allah (swt ) as is His right which means by affirming His Oneness (Islamic Monotheism) and abstaining from Shirk.

..ooOOoo..

It is reported on the authority of Ibn Mas'ood (ra ) that he said: "Arabbi came to Allah's Messenger (saas ) and said: "Oh, Muhammad (saas )! We are told that Allah (swt ) will put all the heavens on one Finger and the earths on one Finger and the trees on one Finger and the water and the dust on one Finger and all the other created beings on one Finger. Then He will say: "I am the King." Thereupon, the Prophet (saas ) laughed until his molar teeth were visible and this was confirmation of the rabbi's words. Then he recited: "" No just estimate have they made of Allaah such as is due to Him: On the Day of Resurrection, the whole of the earth will be in His Grasp" ." In another narration by Muslim, it is stated: "...and the mountains and the trees on one Finger, then He will shake them saying: "I am the King, I am Allah." In a narration of Bukhari, it is said: "Allah will put the heavens on one Finger and the rest of creation on one Finger."

Ibn Mas'ood (ra ) informs us in this Hadith that a Jewish rabbi came to the Prophet (saas ) and told him that they, the Jews, had found in their Scriptures that on the Day of Judgement Allah (swt ) will place the heavens on one Finger, the earths on one Finger, the trees on one Finger, the water on one Finger and the dust on one Finger; and in another narration, that He will place the water on one Finger and all of the rest of creation on another Finger. Thus will He reveal something of His Might and Power and His complete control over all affairs and His sole right to be worshipped.

Benefits Derived From This Hadith

1. The agreement between the Scripture of the Jews and Islam, in that they both confirm that Allah (swt ) has Fingers, though they are unlike our fingers and exactly how they are is unknown to us.

2. Evidence of Allah's Might and His Ability to do all things.

3. That laughter for a specific reason is not bad manners.

4. The obligation to accept the truth, whatever its source.

5. Confirmation of two of Allah's Divine Names: (i) Allah (swt ), which constitutes proof of Allah's sole right to be worshipped and (ii) Al-Malik (the King), which proves His Divine Attribute of Ownership.

6. Confirmation of Allah's Divine Attribute of Speech in a manner befitting His Majesty.

Relevance of This Hadith to the Subject of the Chapter and to the Subject of Tawheed

That the Hadith proves the obligation to glorify Allah (swt ) through Tawheed and by abstaining from every kind of Shirk.

..ooOOoo..

Muslim narrates, on the authority of Ibn `Umar (ra ) in a marfoo' form: "Allah (swt ) will fold up the heavens on the Day of Resurrection and then He (swt ) will take them in His right Hand and say: "I am the King, where are the tyrants? Where are the arrogant ones?" Then He (swt ) will fold up the seven earth and take them in His left Hand and say: "I am the King, where are the tyrants? where are the arrogant ones?"

Ibn `Umar (ra ) informs us that he heard from the Prophet (saas ) that on the Day of Judgement, Allah (swt ), Most Glorified, Most High, will fold up the seven heavens and take them in His right Hand and He will fold up the seven earth and take them in His left Hand and as He folds each of them, He will call forth the tyrants and the arrogant people, making them realise their insignificance by His Words: "I am the King." - i.e. He is the true Owner of all things; He is Perfect in every respect and there is no weakness or defect in Him and that all those who claim kingship or sovereignty are in fact weak and feeble, powerless in His Grasp. He will not be asked about what He does, but they will be asked.

Benefits Derived From This Hadith

1. Confirmation of Allah's possessing two Hands, right and left.

2. Confirmation of Allah's Divine Attribute of Speech in a manner befitting His Majesty.

3. Confirmation of Allah's Name: Al-Malik (the King), from which is inferred His Ownership of all things.

4. Evidence that there are seven earths.

5. The forbiddance of tyranny and arrogance.

6. Evidence of Allah's Perfection and infallibility.

Relevance of This Hadith to the Subject of the Chapter and to the Subject of Tawheed

That the Hadith proves the obligation to glorify Allah (swt ), Almighty All-powerful, by Declaring and practising Tawheed in all one's affairs and abstaining from all manner of Shirk.

..ooOOoo..

It is reported on the authority of Ibn `Abbas (ra ) that he said: "The seven heavens and the seven earths are no more in Allah's Hand than a mustard seed in the hand of one of you."

Ibn `Abbas (ra ) informs us in this narration that the seven heavens and the seven earths in comparison to Allah's Hand - in spite of their enormity - are as insignificant as a mustard seed in a man's hand; and this is a comparison between the heavens and the earths and a mustard seed, not a comparison between Allah's Hand and the hand of man because nothing resembles Allah (swt ), either in His Attributes or in His Self.

Benefits Derived From This Narration

1. That the heavens are seven.

2. That the earths are seven.

3. That Ibn `Abbas confirms Allah's Possessing a Hand.

Relevance of This Narration to the Subject of the Chapter and to the Subject of Tawheed

That it proves the overwhelming Might and Power of Allah (swt ) and the insignificance of His creatures and thus the obligation to glorify Him, Alone, without partners, by professing His Oneness in word and deed.

..ooOOoo..

Ibn Jareer said: " Yoonus told me that Ibn Wahb informed him that Ibn Zaid said: "My father told me: "Allah's Messenger (saas ) said: "The seven heavens are no more in comparison to the Kursi than seven dirhams set in a shield." Abu Zarr (ra ) said: "I heard Allah's Messenger (saas ) say: "The Kursi is no more in comparison to the `Arsh (Throne) than an iron ring thrown in a vast desert."

The Prophet (saas ) informs us in both of the above narration that Allah (swt ) possesses a Kursi (Footstool) and an `Arsh (Throne) and that they are both immense, though the `Arsh is greater than the Kursi, for the comparison of the seven heavens to the Kursi is that of seven dirham coins set in a shield, while the comparison of the Kursi to the `Arsh is that of a ring thrown in a vast desert. And it has been reported in another Hadith on the authority of Ibn `Abbas (ra ) that the Kursi is the resting place of the Feet of the Most Beneficent, and that none can estimate its vastness but He (swt ), Most Glorified, Most High.

Benefits Derived From These Two Hadith

1. Confirmation of the existence of Allah's `Arsh and His Kursi and that they are both His creations.

2. That making comparisons is a valid way of teaching in Islam.

3. Evidence of Allah's Greatness and Glory.

Relevance of These Two Hadith to the Subject of the Chapter and to the Subject of Tawheed

That both of them prove the obligation to glorify Allah (swt ) by professing His Oneness and abstaining from all manner of Shirk.

..ooOOoo..

On the authority of Ibn Mas'ood (ra ) it is reported that he said: "Between the lowest heaven and the next is the distance of five hundred years and between each of the seven heavens is the distance of five hundred years and the distance between the seventh heaven and the Kursi is also five hundred years and between the Kursi and the water is also five hundred years and the `Arsh is above the water and Allah (swt ) is above the `Arsh and nothing is hidden from Allah (swt ) of your deeds."

Benefits Derived From These Two Hadith

1. That there is a distance between each of the heavens and between the seventh heaven and the Kursi and between the Kursi and the water and between the water and the `Arsh, each equivalent to five hundred years' travel.

2. Confirmation of the existence of the Kursi, the water and the `Arsh, which is above them.

3. Confirmation of Allah's Divine Attribute of being above His creation.

4. Evidence that Allah's Knowledge encompasses all things.

5. Evidence of Allah's Might and Majesty.

..ooOOoo..

It is reported on the authority of Al-'Abbas (ra ) that Allah's Messenger (saas ) said:

"Do you know what is the distance between the heaven and the earth?" We said: "Allah (swt ) and His Messenger (saas ) know best." He (saas ) said: "The distance between them is five hundred years and the distance between one heaven and the next is five hundred years and the dimension of each heaven would take five hundred years to travel and there is a sea between the seventh heaven and the `Arsh which has between its lowest and highest ends the distance equvalent to that between the heavens and the earth. And Allah (swt ), Most High, is above that and nothing is withheld from Him of the deeds of the sons of Adam." (Narrated by Abu Dawood and others)

Allah's Messenger (saas ) informs us in this Hadith that the distance between each of the seven heavens is equivalent to five hundred years' travel and the distance between the earth and the lowest heaven is also equivalent to five hundred years' travel and between the seventh heaven and the `Arsh is a like distance and that the breadth of each heaven is likewise five hundred years and that Allah (swt ) is above His `Arsh and nothing of His creation is hidden from Him.

Benefits Derived From This Hadith

1. Proof of the distances between the heavens and the earth, between each heaven and between the seventh heaven and the `Arsh.

2. That the seven heavens are separate from each other.

3. That the heavens are masses with a defined breadth.

4. Evidence of the position of the water.

5. Evidence of the existence of the `Arsh.

6. Confirmation of Allah's Divine Attribute of being above His creation.

7. The all-encompassing nature of Allah's Knowledge.

Relevance of This Hadith to the Subject of the Chapter and to the Subject of Tawheed

That the Hadith proves the obligation to glorify Allah (swt ) by professing and practising Tawheed and abstaining from all manner of Shirk.

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