In the name of Allah ,the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

The Manner of Performing Prayers


This prayer guide is a step by step guide to learning how to pray. Prayer is called Salah in Arabic. You may hear it called Namaz if you come across Muslims from Turkey or the Indian subcontinent but the proper name is Salah

The prayer guides in  this section are for level 2 students. If you are at   beginner or intermediate  stage please refer to the prayer guides on this following link Beginners guide to prayer

Preparation for prayer

Before starting the prayer, a person must perform Wudhu (ablution).

However if a person has had a wet dream or sex then they should perform Ghusl.

Ghusl should also be performed at the end of a women period of menstruation has ended and at the end of 40 days after childbirth (unless the bleeding stops before completing the 40 days period, then she must make the Ghusl as soon as the bleeding stops).

Ghusl in Islam means the bathing of the entire body with water. Proof of its legitimacy is embodied in the Holy Qur'an as follows: And if ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe your whole body (Qur'an 5:6)


How to perform Ablution Wudhu

How to make Ghusl

What If you cannot make Ghusl?

How to perform Tayammum



Prayer timings vary throughout the globe and slight variations from day to day due to changes in daylight hours.

There are five obligatory prayers which are performed at five different times of the day.

1 FAJR PRAYER (The Morning Prayer)

It is the first of the five obligatory prayers of the day. It starts at dawn and ends at sunrise. Thus it can be prayed between these points. But it is best to pray at the beginning of its time (i.e. just after start of dawn)

2 DHUHR PRAYER .(The Early Afternoon Prayer )

It starts when the sun begins to decline from its zenith and ends when the the size of an object's shadow is equal to the objects size.

3 ASR PRAYER (The Late Prayer )

It starts when an object's shadow is equal to the objects size and ends when just before sunset.

It is better to pray Asr before the sky becomes yellow (even though it is allowed to pray at such a time) because the Prophet ( peace be upon him) disliked Muslims praying at such as time and. He remarked that the the Munafiq (Hypocrite ) offers his pray at this time.

4 MAGHRIB PRAYER (The Sunset Prayer ) .
Its time begins just after sunset and ends when twilight has just disappeared

5 ISHA PRAYER (The Night Prayer )
It starts when twilight has disappeared and ends before midnight



Each prayer consists of a number of Units called rakah's.

The Fajr Prayer consists of 2 rakahs,

The Dhuhr , Asr and Isha prayers consist of 4 rakahs each

The Maghrib prayer consist of 3 rakahs.

The prayers start with intention in the heart and Takbir (Saying "Allahu Akbar") and end by turning the head to right and saying "Assalamu alaikum wa rahma-tullah " and then turning head to left and saying again "Assalamu alaikum wa rahma-tullah "

The Dhuhr and Asr prayers are recited silently. However the text in block B for the first 2 rakah's� for Fajr, Magrib and isha prayers is recited loudly.

Stage 3 (final stage)

This is the final and complete stage on how to perform the 5 daily Prayers.

How to perform the prayer



Advanced Guide to prayer for those who have progressed from stage 1 and 2 (please do not start on this stage if you have not learn� 1 and 2.)


The following Prayer Animation with sound will Allah willing aid also you in learning how to pray.


1. If you are a beginner who needs to learn the basic steps of Prayer in Islam ( with sound )

2. If you want to learn prayers from A to Z including Sunnah actions (with sound )

 More Material on Prayer

Sunnah Prayers. The number of Sunnah Rakkahs in each prayer

Prophets prayer described�

The best book on prayer. Read online

For those Muslims who already know how to pray please read the above prayer guide, watch the video and read the above online book to make sure you are doing your prayer correctly according to the way of our beloved Prophet peace be upon him) and as He ( peace be upon him) showed his companions how to pray.

How a Disabled Muslim performs the prayer

Other prayers:

How To pray Witr Prayer

Funeral Prayer

How to pray Istikharah prayer

Dua (suplications)


Why do we pray Rational &Benefits of prayer Prophets prayer described�


33 Sababun Lil-Khushoo� Fi Salaah
33 Ways of developing Khushoo� in Salaah
English Translation
Book by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid


Concealment of Khushoo'

Rulings on Khushoo'

The means of developing Khushoo'

Knowing the advantages of Khushoo' in Salaah

Warding off distractions and things that adversely affect khushoo

When a person suffers a great deal of waswaas


Waswaas (insinuating thoughts from Shaytaan)

What if something happens during prayer?

Call of nature when the iqaamah is given

Doubts about passing wind

If adhaan for fajr is given whilst one is praying witr

Missed asr and reaches masjid after maghrib prayer has started

Traveller joining congregation without knowing if imam is also a traveller

Being unable to stand for the rest of the prayer

A knock on the door when one is praying, or a mother seeing her child do something dangerous

Responding to salaam when praying

Joining a prayer in progress

Not hastening unduly to join a prayer in progress

Breaking wind during Friday prayer

When one has already prayed and comes to another mosque to find the people there praying

Still praying sunnah when the iqaamah is given

Being informed of the correct direction of the qiblah whilst praying

Falling behind when praying in congregation

When the imam nullifies his wudoo

When the imam's awrah becomes uncovered

Realizing that one's wudoo is invalid because of wiping over socks when doing so is no longer acceptable

When the imam forgets the ending of an aayah

Intending to pray for rain, then it rains before the people start the prayer

Feeling sleepy when listening to Friday sermon

Rulings about forgetfulness during prayer

Doubt about number of rakahs prayed

Imam remembers that he forgot to recite al-Faatihah during a silent rak�ah

A member of a congregation forgetting to recite al-Faatihah, or joining a prayer at the moment of rukoo

Raising one's head from rukoo, then realizing that one forgot to say the tasbeeh

Forgetting the first tashahhud

Imam says the salaam then makes prostrations of forgetfulness, but a latecomer stands up to complete the prayer

Imam makes a mistake but does not understand what the congregation is referring to when they say Subhaan Allaah to draw his attention to it



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