guide is a step by step guide to learning how to pray. Prayer is
called Salah in Arabic. You may hear it called Namaz if you come
across Muslims from Turkey or the Indian subcontinent but the
proper name is Salah
guides in this section are for level 2 students. If you are
at beginner or intermediate stage please refer
to the prayer guides on this following link
guide to prayer
Before starting the prayer, a
person must perform Wudhu (ablution).
However if a person has had a wet dream or sex then
they should perform Ghusl.
Ghusl should also be performed at the end of a women period of menstruation has ended and at the end of 40 days after childbirth (unless the bleeding stops
before completing the 40 days period, then she must make the Ghusl
as soon as the bleeding stops).
Ghusl in Islam means the bathing of the entire body
with water. Proof of its legitimacy is embodied in the Holy Qur'an
as follows: And if ye are in a state of ceremonial impurity, bathe
your whole body (Qur'an 5:6)
Prayer timings vary throughout the globe and slight
variations from day to day due to changes in daylight hours.
There are five obligatory prayers which are performed at five different times of the day.
1 FAJR PRAYER (The Morning Prayer)
It is the first of the five obligatory prayers of the day. It starts at dawn
and ends at sunrise. Thus it can be prayed between these points.
But it is best to pray at the beginning of its time (i.e. just
after start of dawn)
2 DHUHR PRAYER .(The Early Afternoon Prayer
It starts when the sun begins to decline from its
zenith and ends when the the size of an object's shadow is equal
to the objects size.
3 ASR PRAYER (The Late Prayer )
It starts when an object's shadow is equal to the
objects size and ends when just before sunset.
It is better to pray Asr before the sky becomes
yellow (even though it is allowed to pray at such a time) because the
Prophet ( peace be upon him) disliked Muslims praying at such as
time and. He remarked that the the Munafiq (Hypocrite ) offers his
pray at this time.
4 MAGHRIB PRAYER (The Sunset Prayer ) .
Its time begins just after sunset and ends when twilight has
5 ISHA PRAYER (The Night Prayer )
It starts when twilight has disappeared and ends
HOW TO PRAY
Each prayer consists of a number
of Units called rakah's.
The Fajr Prayer consists of 2
The Dhuhr , Asr and Isha prayers consist of 4
The Maghrib prayer consist of 3 rakahs.
The prayers start with intention in the heart
and Takbir (Saying "Allahu Akbar") and end by
turning the head to right and saying "Assalamu
alaikum wa rahma-tullah " and then turning head to left and
saying again "Assalamu alaikum wa rahma-tullah "
The Dhuhr and Asr prayers are recited
silently. However the text in block B for the first 2 rakah's�
for Fajr, Magrib and isha prayers is recited loudly.
Stage 3 (final stage)
This is the final and complete stage on how to
perform the 5 daily Prayers.
to perform the prayer
The following Prayer Animation with sound will Allah willing
aid also you in learning how to pray.
FLASH PRAYER MOVIE
1. If you are a beginner who needs to learn the basic steps of Prayer in
Islam ( with sound )
2. If you want to
learn prayers from A to Z including Sunnah actions (with sound )
More Material on
Sunnah Prayers. The
number of Sunnah Rakkahs in each prayer
For those Muslims who already know how to pray
please read the above prayer guide, watch the video and read the
above online book to make sure you are doing your prayer correctly
according to the way of our beloved Prophet
peace be upon him) and as He ( peace be upon him) showed his
companions how to pray.
Disabled Muslim performs the prayer
pray Witr Prayer
to pray Istikharah prayer