1. Blessed be He Who sent down the criterion (of right and wrong,
i.e. this Qur'an) to His slave (Muhammad )
that he may be a warner to the 'Alamin (mankind and jinns).
2. He to Whom belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth,
and Who has begotten no son (children or offspring) and for Whom
there is no partner in the dominion. He has created everything, and
has measured it exactly according to its due measurements.
3. Yet they have taken besides Him other aliha (gods) that
created nothing but are themselves created, and possess neither hurt
nor benefit for themselves, and possess no power (of causing) death,
nor (of giving) life, nor of raising the dead.
4. Those who disbelieve say: "This (the Qur'an) is nothing but a
lie that he (Muhammad )
has invented, and others have helped him at it, so that they have
produced an unjust wrong (thing) and a lie."
5. And they say: "Tales of the ancients, which he has written
down, and they are dictated to him morning and afternoon."
6. Say: "It (this Qur'an) has been sent down by Him (Allah) (the
Real Lord of the heavens and earth) Who knows the secret of the
heavens and the earth. Truly, He is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful."
7. And they say: "Why does this Messenger (Muhammad )
eat food, and walk about in the markets (like ourselves). Why is not
an angel sent down to him to be a warner with him?
8. "Or (why) has not a treasure been granted to him, or why has
he not a garden whereof he may eat?" And the Zalimun
(polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.) say: "You follow none but a man
9. See how they coin
similitudes for you, so they have gone astray, and they cannot find a
10. Blessed be He Who, if
He will, will assign you better than (all) that, - Gardens under
which rivers flow (Paradise) and will assign you palaces (i.e. in
11. Nay, they deny the Hour
(the Day of Resurrection), and for those who deny the Hour, We have
prepared a flaming Fire (i.e. Hell).
When it (Hell) sees them from a far place, they will hear its raging
and its roaring.
13. And when they shall
be thrown into a narrow place thereof, chained together, they will
exclaim therein for destruction.
Exclaim not today for one destruction, but exclaim for many
15. Say: (O Muhammad )
"Is that (torment) better or the Paradise of Eternity promised to the
Muttaqun (pious and righteous persons - see V.2:2)?" It will be
theirs as a reward and as a final destination.
16. For them there will be therein all that they desire, and they
will abide (there forever). It is a promise binding upon your Lord
that must be fulfilled.
17. And on the
Day when He will gather them together and that which they worship
besides Allah [idols, angels, pious men, saints, 'Iesa (Jesus) - son
of Maryam (Mary), etc.]. He will say: "Was it you who misled these My
slaves or did they (themselves) stray from the (Right) Path?"
18. They will say: "Glorified be You! It was not for us to take
any Auliya' (Protectors, Helpers, etc.) besides You, but You
gave them and their fathers comfort till they forgot the warning, and
became a lost people (doomed to total loss).
19. Thus they (false gods all deities other than Allah) will give
you (polytheists) the lie regarding what you say (that they are gods
besides Allah), then you can neither avert (the punishment), nor get
help. And whoever among you does wrong (i.e. sets up rivals to
Allah), We shall make him taste a great torment.
20. And We never sent before you (O Muhammad )
any of the Messengers but verily, they ate food and walked in the
markets. And We have made some of you as a trial for others: will you
have patience? And your Lord is Ever All-Seer (of everything).
21. And those who expect not for a Meeting with Us (i.e. those
who deny the Day of Resurrection and the life of the Hereafter), say:
"Why are not the angels sent down to us, or why do we not see our
Lord?" Indeed they think too highly of themselves, and are scornful
with great pride.
22. On the Day they
will see the angels, no glad tidings will there be for the
Mujrimun (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.)
that day. And they (angels) will say: "All kinds of glad tidings are
forbidden for you," [None will be allowed to enter Paradise except
the one who said: La ilaha ill-Allah, "(none has the right to
be worshipped but Allah) and acted practically on its legal orders
23. And We shall turn
to whatever deeds they (disbelievers, polytheists, sinners, etc.)
did, and We shall make such deeds as scattered floating particles of
24. The dwellers of Paradise (i.e.
those who deserved it through their Faith and righteousness) will, on
that Day, have the best abode, and have the fairest of places for
25. And (remember) the Day when
the heaven shall be rent asunder with clouds, and the angels will be
sent down, with a grand descending.
The sovereignty on that Day will be the true (sovereignty), belonging
to the Most Beneficent (Allah), and it will be a hard Day for the
disbelievers (those who disbelieve in the Oneness of Allah Islamic
27. And (remember) the Day
when the Zalim (wrong-doer, oppressor, polytheist, etc.) will
bite at his hands, he will say: "Oh! Would that I had taken a path
with the Messenger ( Muhammad ).
28. "Ah! Woe to me! Would that I had never taken so-and-so as a
29. "He indeed led me astray from
the Reminder (this Qur'an) after it had come to me. And Shaitan
(Satan) is ever a deserter to man in the hour of need."
30. And the Messenger (Muhammad )
will say: "O my Lord! Verily, my people deserted this Qur'an (neither
listened to it, nor acted on its laws and orders).
31. Thus have We made for every Prophet an enemy among the
Mujrimun (disbelievers, polytheists, criminals, etc.). But
Sufficient is your Lord as a Guide and Helper.
32. And those who disbelieve say: "Why is not the Qur'an revealed
to him all at once?" Thus (it is sent down in parts), that We may
strengthen your heart thereby. And We have revealed it to you
gradually, in stages. (It was revealed to the Prophet
in 23 years.).
33. And no example or
similitude do they bring (to oppose or to find fault in you or in
this Qur'an), but We reveal to you the truth (against that similitude
or example), and the better explanation thereof.
34. Those who will be gathered to Hell (prone) on their faces,
such will be in an evil state, and most astray from the (Straight)
35. And indeed We gave Musa (Moses)
the Scripture [the Taurat (Torah)], and placed his brother Harun
(Aaron) with him as a helper;
36. And We
said: "Go you both to the people who have denied Our Ayat
(proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.)." Then
We destroyed them with utter destruction.
And Nuh's (Noah) people, when they denied the Messengers We drowned
them, and We made them as a sign for mankind. And We have prepared a
painful torment for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers,
38. And (also) 'Ad and Thamud, and
the dwellers of Ar-Rass, and many generations in between.
39. And for each of them We put forward examples (as proofs and
lessons, etc.), and each (of them) We brought to utter ruin (because
of their disbelief and evil deeds).
And indeed they have passed by the town [of Prophet Lout (Lot)] on
which was rained the evil rain. Did they (disbelievers) not then see
it (with their own eyes)? Nay ! But they used not to expect for any
41. And when they see you
(O Muhammad ), they treat
you only as a mockery (saying):"Is this the one whom Allah has sent
as a Messenger?
42. "He would have nearly
misled us from our aliha (gods), had it not been that we were
patient and constant in their worship!" And they will know when they
see the torment, who it is that is most astray from the (Right) Path!
43. Have you (O Muhammad )
seen him who has taken as his ilah (god) his own desire? Would
you then be a Wakil (a disposer of his affairs or a watcher)
44. Or do you think that most
of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle; nay, they are
even farther astray from the Path. (i.e. even worst than cattle).
45. Have you not seen how your Lord spread the shadow. If He
willed, He could have made it still then We have made the sun its
guide [i.e. after the sunrise, it (the shadow) squeezes and vanishes
at midnoon and then again appears in the afternoon with the decline
of the sun, and had there been no sun light, there would have been no
46. Then We withdraw it to Us a
gradual concealed withdrawal.
47. And it
is He Who makes the night a covering for you, and the sleep (as)
repose, and makes the day Nushur (i.e. getting up and going
about here and there for daily work, etc. after one's sleep at night
or like resurrection after one's death).
And it is He Who sends the winds as heralds of glad tidings, going
before His Mercy (rain), and We send down pure water from the sky,
49. That We may give life thereby to a dead land, and We give to
drink thereof many of the cattle and men that We had created.
50. And indeed We have distributed it (rain or water) amongst
them in order that they may remember the Grace of Allah, but most men
refuse (or deny the Truth or Faith) and accept nothing but disbelief
51. And had We willed, We
would have raised a warner in every town.
So obey not the disbelievers, but strive against them (by preaching)
with the utmost endeavour, with it (the Qur'an).
53. And it is He Who has let free the two seas (kinds of water),
one palatable and sweet, and the other salt and bitter, and He has
set a barrier and a complete partition between them.
54. And it is He Who has created man from water, and has
appointed for him kindred by blood, and kindred by marriage. And your
Lord is Ever All-Powerful to do what He will.
55. And they (disbelievers, polytheists, etc.) worship besides
Allah, that which can neither profit them nor harm them, and the
disbeliever is ever a helper (of the Satan) against his Lord.
56. And We have sent you (O Muhammad
) only as a bearer of glad tidings and a warner.
57. Say: "No reward do I ask of you for this (that which I have
brought from my Lord and its preaching, etc.), save that whosoever
wills, may take a Path to his Lord.
And put your trust (O Muhammad )
in the Ever Living One Who dies not, and glorify His Praises, and
Sufficient is He as the All-Knower of the sins of His slaves;
59. Who created the heavens and the earth and all that is between
them in six Days. Then He Istawa (rose over) the Throne (in a
manner that suits His Majesty). The Most Beneficent (Allah)! Ask Him
(O Prophet Muhammad ),
(concerning His Qualities, His rising over His Throne, His creations,
etc.), as He is Al-Khabir (The All-Knower of everything i.e.
60. And when it is said to them:
"Prostrate to the Most Beneficent (Allah)! They say: "And what is the
Most Beneficent? Shall we fall down in prostration to that which you
(O Muhammad ) command
us?" And it increases in them only aversion.
61. Blessed be He Who has placed in the heaven big stars, and has
placed therein a great lamp (sun), and a moon giving light.
62. And He it is Who has put the night and the day in succession,
for such who desires to remember or desires to show his gratitude.
63. And the slaves of the Most Beneficent (Allah) are those who
walk on the earth in humility and sedateness, and when the foolish
address them (with bad words) they reply back with mild words of
64. And those who spend the
night before their Lord, prostrate and standing.
65. And those who say: "Our Lord! Avert from us the torment of
Hell. Verily! Its torment is ever an inseparable, permanent
66. Evil indeed it (Hell) is
as an abode and as a place to dwell.
And those, who, when they spend, are neither extravagant nor
niggardly, but hold a medium (way) between those (extremes).
68. And those who invoke not any other ilah (god) along
with Allah, nor kill such life as Allah has forbidden, except for
just cause, nor commit illegal sexual intercourse and whoever does
this shall receive the punishment.
The torment will be doubled to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he
will abide therein in disgrace;
Except those who repent and believe (in Islamic Monotheism), and do
righteous deeds, for those, Allah will change their sins into good
deeds, and Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.
71. And whosoever repents and does righteous good deeds, then
verily, he repents towards Allah with true repentance.
72. And those who do not witness falsehood, and if they pass by
some evil play or evil talk, they pass by it with dignity.
73. And those who, when they are reminded of the Ayat
(proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of
their Lord, fall not deaf and blind thereat.
74. And those who say: "Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and
our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us
leaders for the Muttaqun" (pious - see V.2:2 and the
footnote of V.3:164)."
75. Those will be
rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their
patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of
peace and respect.
76. Abiding therein;
excellent it is as an abode, and as a place to dwell.
77. Say (O Muhammad
to the disbelievers): "My Lord pays attention to you only because of
your invocation to Him. But now you have indeed denied (Him). So the
torment will be yours for ever (inseparable permanent punishment)."