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Fast of Ashoorah on 30/9/2017 read more

Muharram and Fasting on Ashoora


The first Month of the Hijri calendar (Islamic calendar)is called Muharram.

Muharram is one of the Sacred Months of Islam. 

Allah says:

 "Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year), so it was ordained by Allah on the Day when He created the heavens and the earth; of them, four are sacred. That is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein" [al-Tawbah 9:36]

Abu Bakrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said: "The year is twelve months of which four are sacred, the three consecutive months of Dhul-Qadah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram, and Rajab Mudar which comes between Jumaada and Shabaan." (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 2958).

Muharram is so called because it is a sacred (Muharram) month and to confirm its sanctity.

Allah says: "so wrong not yourselves therein"

This means do not wrong yourselves in the sacred months because committing sins in these months is worse than committing sins in other months


It was reported that Ibn Abbaas said that this phrase (so wrong not yourselves therein) referred to all the months, then these four were singled out and made sacred, so that sin in these months is more serious and good deeds bring a greater reward.

What should A muslim do during Muharram

 Muslims should b exert themselves to do more voluntery fasts in the month of Muharram and exert themselves even more more to stay away fron sin. Muslims should expecially fast on the 9th and 10th of Muharram . The 10th being the day of Ashoora.


Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) said: "The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: "The best of fasting after Ramadaan is fasting Allah's month of Muharram." (reported by Muslim, 1982).

The phrase Allaah's month, connecting the name of the month to the name of Allaah in a genitive grammatical structure, signifies the importance of the month. Al-Qaari said: The apparent meaning is all of the month of Muharram. But it was proven that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) never fasted any whole month apart from Ramadan, so this hadeeth is probably meant to encourage increasing one's fasting during Muharram, without meaning that one should fast for the entire month.

It was reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to fast more in Shabaan. It is likely that the virtue of Muharram was not revealed to him until the end of his life, before he was able to fast during this month. (Sharh al-Nawawi ala Saheeh Muslim).
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It was narrated from Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him) that when the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) came to Madinah, he found them fasting on one day, i.e., ‘Aashoora’. They said: This is a great day; it is the day on which Allah saved Moosa and drowned the people of Pharaoh, so Moosa fasted in gratitude to Allah. He (the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)) said: “I am closer to Moosa than they are.” So he fasted on that day and issued instructions to fast on that day.

Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 3216

 It was what was reported by Ibn Abbaas, who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) commanded us to fast Aashooraa the tenth day of Muharram. (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, who said, a saheeh hasan hadeeth).

Abd-Allaah ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) fasted on the day of Ashoora and told the people to fast, they said, O Messenger of Allaah, this is a day that is venerated by the Jews and Christians. The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, Next year, if Allaah wills, we will fast on the ninth day.But by the time the following year came, the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) had passed away.

(Narrated by Muslim, 1916.)


Ibn Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I never saw the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) so keen to make sure he fasted any day and preferring it over another except this day, the day of Ashoora and this month  meaning Ramadaan. (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1867)

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) also said: For fasting the day of Aashooraa, I hope that Allaah will accept it as expiation for the year that went before. (Reported by Muslim, 1976).

This shows t is recomended to fast the 9th (Taasooaa) and 10th (Ashoorah) of Muharram. Muslims should fast the 9th also in order to be different from the Jews if one is not able to fast the 9th he/she fast the 10th and 11th.


Aashooraa in History

It was narrated that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: Quraysh used to fast on ‘Ashoora’ during the Jaahiliyyah, and the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) used to fast on (that day) too. When he migrated to Madinah, he fasted this day and ordered that this fast be observed. When the month of Ramadaan was enjoined, he said: “Whoever wishes may fast on (this day) and whoever wishes may forsake it.”

Narrated by al-Bukhaari (1794); Muslim (1125).

Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the people of the Jaahiliyyah used to fast on the day of Ashoora, and the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and the Muslims fasted it before Ramadaan was made obligatory. When the month of Ramadaan was made obligatory, the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “ ‘Ashoora’ is one of the days of Allah, so whoever wishes may fast it and whoever wishes may omit it.”

Narrated by Muslim (1126).

Therfore Initially Fasting on Ashoorah was compulsary but when Allah order Muslim to fast the Month of Ramadan the fast of Ashoora became non obligatory so whoever wished to fast could fast and who ever did not wish to fast did not ahve to fast.

 Women who are menstruating or bleeding following childbirth, or those who are sick or are travelling
 

Obviously some people want to fast on  Aashooraa but can not fast due to menstruction, post partum bleeding, sickness or because they are traveling. Some scholars say that since Aashoora occurs on a specific day it cannot be made up. So people who would fast had they not been sick, menstrauting, suffering from post partum bleeding or had not been on a traveling on a journey, they will be rewarded same as the people fasting due to their intension of fasting

Abu Moosa (may Allah be pleased with him)  said: The Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: “If a person falls sick or travels, he will have a reward recorded for him like that of what he used to do when he was at home and was healthy.” al-Bukhaari (2996)

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