[These letters are one of the miracles of
the Qur'an, and none but Allah (Alone) knows their meanings].
2. By the manifest Book (that makes things clear, i.e. this
3. We verily, have made it a
Qur'an in Arabic, that you may be able to understand (its meanings
and its admonitions).
4. And Verily, it
(this Qur'an) is in the Mother of the Book (i.e. Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz),
before Us, indeed Exalted, full of Wisdom.
Shall We then (warn you not and) take away the Reminder (this Qur'an)
from you, because you are a people Musrifun.
6. And how many a Prophet have We sent amongst the men of old.
7. And never came there a Prophet to them but they used to mock
8. Then We destroyed men stronger
(in power) than these, and the example of the ancients has passed
away (before them).
9. And indeed if you
ask them, "Who has created the heavens and the earth?" They will
surely say: "The All-Mighty, the All-Knower created them."
10. Who has made for you the earth like a bed, and has made for
you roads therein, in order that you may find your way,
11. And Who sends down water (rain) from the sky in due measure.
Then We revive a dead land therewith, and even so you will be brought
forth (from the dead),
12. And Who has
created all the pairs and has appointed for you ships and cattle on
which you ride,
13. In order that you may
mount firmly on their backs, and then may remember the Favour of your
Lord when you mount thereon, and say: "Glory to Him who has subjected
this to us, and we could never have it (by our efforts)."
14. And verily, to Our Lord we indeed are to return!
15. Yet they assign to some of His slaves a share with Him (by
pretending that He has children, and considering them as equals or
co-partners in worship with Him). Verily, man is indeed a manifest
16. Or has He taken daughters
out of what He has created, and He has selected for you sons?
17. And if one of them is informed of the news of (the birth of)
that which he set forth as a parable to the Most Beneficent (Allah)
(i.e. of a girl), his face becomes dark, gloomy, and he is filled
18. (Do they then like for
Allah) a creature who is brought up in adornments (wearing silk and
gold ornaments, i.e. women), and in dispute cannot make herself
19. And they make the angels who
themselves are slaves to the Most Beneficent (Allah) females. Did
they witness their creation? Their evidence will be recorded, and
they will be questioned!
20. And they
said: "If it had been the Will of the Most Beneficent (Allah), we
should not have worshipped them (false deities)." They have no
knowledge whatsoever of that. They do nothing but lie!
21. Or have We given them any Book before this (the Qur'an), to
which they are holding fast?
They say: "We found our fathers following a certain way and religion,
and we guide ourselves by their footsteps."
23. And similarly, We sent not a warner before you (O Muhammad )
to any town (people) but the luxurious ones among them said: "We
found our fathers following a certain way and religion, and we will
indeed follow their footsteps."
warner) said: "Even if I bring you better guidance than that which
you found your fathers following?" They said: "Verily, We disbelieve
in that with which you have been sent."
So We took revenge of them, then see what was the end of those who
denied (Islamic Monotheism).
(remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said to his father and his people:
"Verily, I am innocent of what you worship,
27. "Except Him (i.e. I worship none but Allah Alone) Who did
create me, and verily, He will guide me."
And he made it [i.e. La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to
be worshipped but Allah Alone)] a Word lasting among his offspring
(True Monotheism), that they may turn back (i.e. to repent to Allah
or receive admonition).
29. Nay, but I
gave (the good things of this life) to these (polytheists) and their
fathers to enjoy, till there came to them the truth (the Qur'an), and
a Messenger (Muhammad )
making things clear.
30. And when the
truth (this Qur'an) came to them, they (the disbelievers in this
Qur'an) said: "This is magic, and we disbelieve therein."
31. And they say: "Why is not this Qur'an sent down to some great
man of the two towns (Makkah and Ta'if)?"
Is it they who would portion out the Mercy of your Lord? It is We Who
portion out between them their livelihood in this world, and We
raised some of them above others in ranks, so that some may employ
others in their work. But the Mercy (Paradise) of your Lord (O
Muhammad ) is better than
the (wealth of this world) which they amass.
33. And were it not that all mankind would have become of one
community (all disbelievers, desiring worldly life only), We would
have provided for those who disbelieve in the Most Beneficent
(Allah), silver roofs for their houses, and elevators (and
stair-ways, etc. of silver) whereby they ascend,
34. And for their houses, doors (of silver), and thrones (of
silver) on which they could recline,
And adornments of gold. Yet all this (i.e. the roofs, doors, stairs,
elevators, thrones etc. of their houses) would have been nothing but
an enjoyment of this world. And the Hereafter with your Lord is only
for the Muttaqun.
whosoever turns away (blinds himself) from the remembrance of the
Most Beneficent (Allah) (i.e. this Qur'an and worship of Allah), We
appoint for him Shaitan (Satan - devil) to be a Qarin
(an intimate companion) to him.
verily, they (Satans / devils) hinder them from the Path (of Allah),
but they think that they are guided aright!
38. Till, when (such a one) comes to Us, he says [to his Qarin
(Satan / devil companion)] "Would that between me and you were the
distance of the two easts (or the east and west)" a worst (type of)
39. It will profit
you not this Day (O you who turn away from Allah's remembrance and
His worship, etc.) as you did wrong, (and) that you will be sharers
(you and your Qarin) in the punishment.
40. Can you (O Muhammad )
make the deaf to hear, or can you guide the blind or him who is in
41. And even if We take
you (O Muhammad ) away,
We shall indeed take vengeance on them.
Or (if) We show you that wherewith We threaten them, then verily, We
have perfect command over them.
hold you (O Muhammad )
fast to that which is inspired in you. Verily, you are on a Straight
44. And verily, this (the Qur'an)
is indeed a Reminder for you (O Muhammad )
and your people (Quraish people, or your followers), and you will be
questioned (about it).
45. And ask (O
Muhammad ) those of Our
Messengers whom We sent before you: "Did We ever appoint aliha
(gods) to be worshipped besides the Most Beneficent (Allah)?"
46. And indeed We did send Musa (Moses) with Our Ayat
(proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) to
Fir'aun (Pharaoh) and his chiefs (inviting them to Allah's Religion
of Islam) He said: "Verily, I am a Messenger of the Lord of the
'Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)."
47. But when he came to them with Our Ayat (proofs,
evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) behold! They
laughed at them.
48. And not an Ayah
(sign, etc.) We showed them but it was greater than its fellow, and
We seized them with torment, in order that they might turn [from
their polytheism to Allah's Religion (Islamic Monotheism)].
49. And they said [to Musa (Moses)]: "O you sorcerer! Invoke your
Lord for us according to what He has covenanted with you. Verily, We
shall guide ourselves (aright)."
when We removed the torment from them, behold! They broke their
covenant (that they will believe if We remove the torment for them).
51. And Fir'aun (Pharaoh) proclaimed among his people, saying: "O
my people! Is not mine the dominion of Egypt, and these rivers
flowing underneath me. See you not then?
"Am I not better than this one [Musa (Moses)], who is Mahin
[has no honour nor any respect, and is weak and despicable] and can
scarcely express himself clearly?
"Why then are not golden bracelets bestowed on him, or angels sent
along with him?"
54. Thus he [Fir'aun
(Pharaoh)] befooled and misled his people, and they obeyed him.
Verily, they were ever a people who were Fasiqun (rebellious,
disobedient to Allah).
55. So when they
angered Us, We punished them, and drowned them all.
56. And We made them a precedent (as a lesson for those coming
after them), and an example to later generations.
57. And when the son of Maryam (Mary) is quoted as an example
[i.e. 'Iesa (Jesus) is worshipped like their idols), behold! Your
people cry aloud (laugh out at the example).
58. And say: "Are our aliha (gods) better or is he ['Iesa
(Jesus)]?" They quoted not the above example except for argument.
Nay! But they are a quarrelsome people. [(See VV. 21:97-101) - The
59. He ['Iesa (Jesus)] was not
more than a slave. We granted Our Favour to him, and We made him an
example to the Children of Israel (i.e. his creation without a
60. And if it were Our Will, We
would have [destroyed you (mankind) all, and] made angels to replace
you on the earth. [Tafsir At-Tabari, Vol:25, Page 89].
61. And he ['Iesa (Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary)] shall be a known
sign for (the coming of) the Hour (Day of Resurrection) [i.e. 'Iesa's
(Jesus) descent on the earth] . Therefore have no doubt concerning it
(i.e. the Day of Resurrection). And follow Me (Allah) (i.e. be
obedient to Allah and do what He orders you to do, O mankind)! This
is the Straight Path (of Islamic Monotheism, leading to Allah and to
62. And let not Shaitan
(Satan) hinder you (from the right religion, i.e. Islamic
Monotheism), Verily, he (Satan) to you is a plain enemy.
63. And when 'Iesa (Jesus) came with (Our) clear Proofs, he said:
"I have come to you with Al-Hikmah (Prophethood), and in order
to make clear to you some of the (points) in which you differ,
therefore fear Allah and obey me,
"Verily, Allah! He is my Lord (God) and your Lord (God). So worship
Him (Alone). This is the (only) Straight Path (i.e. Allah's religion
of true Islamic Monotheism)."
65. But the
sects from among themselves differed. So woe to those who do wrong
(by ascribing things to 'Iesa (Jesus) that are not true) from the
torment of a painful Day (i.e. the Day of Resurrection)!
66. Do they only wait for the Hour that it shall come upon them
suddenly, while they perceive not?
Friends on that Day will be foes one to another except Al-Muttaqun
(pious - see V.2:2).
68. (It will be said
to the true believers of Islamic Monotheism): My worshippers! No fear
shall be on you this Day, nor shall you grieve,
69. (You) who believed in Our Ayat (proofs, verses,
lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) and were Muslims (i.e. who submit
totally to Allah's Will, and believe in the Oneness of Allah -
70. Enter Paradise,
you and your wives, in happiness.
Trays of gold and cups will be passed round them, (there will be)
therein all that the one's inner-selves could desire, all that the
eyes could delight in, and you will abide therein forever.
72. This is the Paradise which you have been made to inherit
because of your deeds which you used to do (in the life of the
73. Therein for you will be
fruits in plenty, of which you will eat (as you desire).
74. Verily, the Mujrimun (criminals, sinners,
disbelievers, etc.) will be in the torment of Hell to abide therein
75. (The torment) will not be
lightened for them, and they will be plunged into destruction with
deep regrets, sorrows and in despair therein.
76. We wronged them not, but they were the Zalimun
(polytheists, wrong-doers, etc.).
they will cry: "O Malik (Keeper of Hell)! Let your Lord make an end
of us." He will say: "Verily you shall abide forever."
78. Indeed We have brought the truth (Muhammad
with the Qur'an), to you, but most of you have a hatred for the
79. Or have they plotted some
plan? Then We too are planning.
80. Or do
they think that We hear not their secrets and their private counsel?
(Yes We do) and Our Messengers (appointed angels in charge of
mankind) are by them, to record.
(O Muhammad ): "If the
Most Beneficent (Allah) had a son (or children as you pretend), then
I am the first of Allah's worshippers [who deny and refute this claim
of yours (and the first to believe in Allah Alone and testify that He
has no children)]." [Tafsir At-Tabari].
82. Glorified be the Lord of the heavens and the earth, the Lord
of the Throne! Exalted be He from all that they ascribe (to Him).
83. So leave them (alone) to speak nonsense and play until they
meet the Day of theirs, which they have been promised.
84. It is He (Allah) Who is the only Ilah (God to be
worshipped) in the heaven and the only Ilah (God to be
worshipped) on the earth. And He is the All-Wise, the All-Knower.
85. And blessed be He to Whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens
and the earth, and all that is between them, and with Whom is the
knowledge of the Hour, and to Whom you (all) will be returned.
86. And those whom they invoke instead of Him have no power of
intercession; except those who bear witness to the truth (i.e.
believed in the Oneness of Allah, and obeyed His Orders), and they
know (the facts about the Oneness of Allah) .
87. And if you ask them who created them, they will surely say:
"Allah". How then are they turned away (from the worship of Allah,
Who created them)?
88. (Allah has
knowledge) of (Prophet Muhammad's) saying: "O my Lord! Verily, these
are a people who believe not!"
89. So turn
away from them (O Muhammad ),
and say: Salam (peace)! But they will come to know.