|Previous||Table of Contents||Next|
The I'jaz, or the Miraculous Nature of the Qur'an
Al-Baqillani wrote about how the Qur'an is the evidential miracle of the Muhammad's Prophetic Office: "What makes it necessary to pay quite particular attention to that branch of Qur'anic science known as I'jaz al-Qur'an is that the Prophetic Office of the Prophet, peace be upon him, is built upon this miracle. Even though later on he was given the support of many miracles, yet those miracles all belonged to special times, special circumstances, and concerned special individuals."
Allah, the Exalted, has challenged the Arabs and non-Arabs to produce a Qur'an similar to the Divine one. The challenge was reduced to ten suwar, yet they failed to do so. Finally, Allah challenged them to produce a single surah comparable to any of His. Although they were the masters of eloquence and rhetoric, they were incapable of taking up the challenge. They realized that the Qur'an could never be from other than Allah, the Rubb of the worlds.
The difference between the miracles of the previous Messengers, which proved their veracity, and that of Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, peace be on him, is that theirs took place during the lifetime of each one of them, whereas the miracle of the Qur'an remains effective, everlasting, and challenging until the Day of Resurrection.
Al-Baqillani, I'jaz al-Qur'an, pp.13, 36-38.