BA’ATH: In Islamic terminology, this means the resurrection of the Muslims and the Kuffar (unbelievers). The Ba’ath of the Kuffar (unbelievers) and the subsequent stages leading to the Nar (Hellfire) is in five stages: (1). The Kuffar will be raised with all their senses being active, i.e. they will be able to feel, see, hear, smell and taste. (2). On their way to the place of judgment they will still have their senses active. (3). They will be judged with all their senses intact.(4). On their way to Nar (Hellfire) they will lose all their senses. (5). When put into the Nar (Hellfire), they will regain all their senses so as to feel Allah Ta’ala's wrath.
BAATIL: Evil, False.
BAATIN: Baatin has no exact translation, but the closest translation is "what is inwardly hidden, unseen; the thing or feeling that is being hidden away from human vision or knowledge." No created being has the ‘Ilm al-Baatin (the knowledge of the unseen), except with the permission of Allah Ta’ala. The knowledge of the unseen belongs to Allah Ta’ala only. Anyone who claims to have or claims that someone else has the knowledge of the unknown is in fact Shirk (associating a created being with Allah Ta’ala in his Attributes). Antonym Dhahir.
BAATIN (AL): "Al-Baatin". Has no literal meaning, but indicates "the Inwardly Hidden". It also means the One Who is close to his Creation by His Knowledge, Sight and Hearing. One of Ninety-nine Attributes of Allah Ta’ala.
BAB AL-RAIYAN: The name of one of the eight gates of Jannah (Paradise) through which the people who often observes fasting will enter on the Day of Judgment. See Jannah.
BADANA: A she-camel offered as a sacrifice. Plural: Budn.
BADR: Site of the first battle between early Muslims and the pagans of the Quraish in 2AH. Badr is located about 150km South of al-Madinah al-Munawara. The Muslim army consisted of 313 men and the Quraish had a total of 1000 soldiers, archers and horsemen, See Holy Qur’an, Al-Anfal (8):5-19, 42-48, Aali Imran (3):13.
BAGHIA: Prostitute. This is the accusation that the Jews levelled against the Virgin Mary (mother of Prophet Isa (Jesus), peace be upon them , when she conceived the prophet Isa, peace be on him, without a father. May Allah curse those whoever harbor such an accusation.
BAGYAN: Rejecting or disobeying, not through conviction, but through personal greed, jealousy, the desire to be different or just for show. See Holy Qur’an, Aale ‘Imran (3):19.
BAHIRAH (AL): A milking she-camel, whose milk used to be spared for idols and other false deities.
BAI'AH: A pledge given by the citizens etc. to their Imam (Muslim Ruler) to be obedient to him according to the Islamic religion.
BAITUL HAMD: House of praise to Allah in the Akhira (Hereafter).
BAITUL MA’MUR (AL): House of Allah over the Seventh Heaven where the Malaikah (angels) pray.
BAITUL MADARIS: A place in al-Madinah that used to be a Jewish center.
BAITUL MAL: An Islamic treasury intended for the benefit of the Masaken (needy Muslims) and not for the leaders or the wealthy.
BAITUL MAQDIS (MASJID AL-AQSA): The famous Masjid (mosque) in Al-Quds (Jerusalem). It was the first Qiblah of Islam. Then Allah Ta’ala ordered Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, to face the first house of Allah (the ka’ba) at Makkah al-Mukarramah. Baitul Maqdis is the third greatest Masjid in t he Islamic world, the first being the Masjid al-Haram in Makkah and the second being Masjid al-Rasool, may Allah bless and grant him peace, at al-Madinah. It is from the surroundings of Baitul maqdis that Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, ascended to heaven. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Isra (17):1.
BAIT-UL-MIDRAS: A place in Madinah (and it was a Jewish center).
BAI'AT UR-RIDWAN: The oath and pledge taken by the Sahabah at Al-Hudaibiyah in the year of 6H to fight Quraish in case they harmed 'Uthman (may Allah be pleased with him) who had gone to negotiate with them and reported to have been taken captive.
BALAM: Means an Ox.
BABU AL-ASFAR: The Byzantines.
BAKKA: Another name for Makkah. See Holy Qur’an, Ale ‘Imran (3):96.
BALAD (AL): "The City’ of Makkah. Surah 90 of the Holy Qur’an.
BANI AL-ASFAR: The Byzantines.
BANI ISRAEL: "Tribe of Israel" The descendants of the twelve sons of Yacoub, who was also called Israel, the son of Ishaq, who was, the son of the Prophet Ibrahim, peace be on them all.
Another name for Suratul al-Isra. Surah 17 of the Holy Qur’an.
BANI NADHEER: A Jewish tribe who lived about three miles south of Madinah during the time of Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. Four months after their treachery at the time of the Battle of Uhud, when they planned to betray the Muslims and kill the Messenger of Allah, the Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, expelled most of them to Syria and the rest to khaibar. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Hashr (45):26
BANI QURAIDHA: A Jewish tribe from Madinah. Along with the Quraish tribe of Makkah, they plotted to destroy the Prophet Mohammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, by attacking Muslims from within Madinah at the Battle of the Ditch, but when they lost they ask to have their fate judged by Sa’d ibn Muaz (the chief of the Aus ‘the Ansar’ tribe) because he used to be their ally. Sa’d judged them according to their own law, the Taurat (Torah), and ordered that every male be killed, all their women be sold as captives and all their belongings be divided amongst the Muhajirs (Deut. 20:13-14, 16). See Holy Qur’an, Al-Ahzab (33):26-27.
BAQARA (AL): "The Heifer" Surah 2 of the Holy Qur’an.
BAQI: A cemetery at Madinah. Many of the Shabiyeen (companions) of the Prophet Mohammad are buried there, may the blessing and peace of Allah be on him and his family and his companions and all those who follow him and them.
BARAAT (AL): "The Immunity". Another name for Suratul Taubah. Surah 9 of the Holy Qur’an.
BARRAH: Means pious, innocent, clean, inwardly pure.
BARZAKH: Literally means partition or barrier. In Islamic terminology it usually means the life in the grave, because the life in the grave is the interface between the life on earth and the life in the hereafter. Life in the Barzakh is real, but very different from life as we know it. Its exact nature is known only to Allah Ta’ala. It is during our life in the Barzakh that we will be asked about Allah, our faith and the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace. We will also be shown the Jannah and the Nar (Paradise and Hellfire) after which we would know which of these two places we will occupy after having been judged.
BAYAN: Intelligent speech, as opposed to sounds which have no power of expression or meaning.
BAYINA (AL): "The Clear Proof". Surah 98 of the Holy Qur’an.
BID’A: Any innovated practices introduced in the religion of Allah. The Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said that every Bid’a is a deviation from the true path and that every deviation leads to Hellfire.
BIDH’A: A small amount. Normally the amount is between three to nine, e.g. Bidh’a Tamarat (few dates), Bidh’a Sanawat (a few years).
BINT LABUN: Two year-old she camel.
BINT MAKHAD: One year-old she camel.
BIRR WA TAQWA: Righteousness and awe of the Creator which inspires a person to be on guard against wrong action and eager for doing things which are pleasing to Allah.
BISMILLAH: "In the Name of Allah". (1). This statement is usually made by every Muslim who is about to embark on anything that is Halal (lawful), however trival that act or deed may seem. (2). First verse Suratul Fatiha.(3). To be recited before the beginning of every Surah except for Suratul Taubah (Surah 9 of the Holy Qur’an).
BU’ATH: Two miles from Madinah. Also the site of a battle between the al-Aus tribe (who later became the Ansar) and the al-Khazraj in the-pre Islamic era
BUDN: Plural of Badana.See Badana.
BUKHIL: Spendthrift. Allah Ta’ala has forbidden mankind to be either misers or over-generous to a fault. See Holy Qur’an, Suwar Al-Isra (17):26-29, Al-Furqan (25):67.
BURAIHAA: One of the Abu Talha’s gardens (opposite the Masjid al-Rasool) when Rasoolullah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used to go to rest and drink its fresh water.
BURAQ: An animal larger than a donkey and smaller than a horse on which the Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, went on the Mi’raj. See Mi’raj.
BURD, BURDA: A black ,square, narrow dress.
BURNUS: A hooded cloak.
BURUJ (AL): "The Zodiacal Signs". Surah 85 of the Holy Qur’an. This refers to the constellations in the heavens themselves, not to the astrologers' ‘Stars signs’.
BURUD: Plural of Barid. One Barid is equal to 4 Farsakh = 12 miles = 19.31 Kilometers.
BUTHAN: A valley in Al-Madinah.