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RA: See Radia’llahu ‘Anhu.

RA’D (AR): "The thunder". Surah 13 of the Holy Qur’an.

RADIA’LLAH ‘ANHU/‘ANHA: May Allah be pleased with him or her. This term is most commonly used whenever the name of a Sahabi (a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, amy Allah bless him and grant him peace) is mentioned, Radia’llahu Anhum, may Allah be pleased with them.

RAAB: Lord, Master, Owner. Allah Ta’ala is the "Rabbil ‘Alameen", the Lord of the Worlds.

RABBIL-’ALAMEEN: Title of Allah Ta’ala. Lord of all creation. Literally means "Lord of the Worlds", both in the Seen and in the Unseen.

RABBAK: Your Lord. Your Master. See Rabb.

RABI’ AL-AWAL: The third month of the Islamic Calendar. See Hijri.

RAFI’AH KHAFIDA: That which will raise the lowly, and humble the proud, on the Day of Judgement.

RAHEEM (AR): "Ar-Raheem". Most Merciful. One of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah Ta’ala. It is said that the Attributes of Ar-Raheem consists of the mercy of Allah that is only experienced by the Muslims, whereas the Attributes of Ar-Rahman consist of the mercy of Allah that is experienced by the whole creation. For example, all creatures are fed until they die, but only the Muslims experience the reward of breaking the fast at the end of each day of Ramadan, and the reward of meeting the Lord in the next world. See Rahman (ar).

RAHIB: A man who lives in a monastery, a Christian monk.

RAHIM: Blood relations. It is extremely important for Muslims to keep in contact with their blood relatives. In a Hadith Qudsi Allah Ta’ala vowed by His Might and sublimity that He would cut off the person who cuts off his blood relative.

RAHMAN (AR): "Ar-Rahman". Most Gracious, Merciful. One of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah Ta’ala. Surah 55 of the Holy Qur’an. This is Surah is referred to as "The Bride of the Holy Qur’an".

RAHMAT ALLAH: The Mercy of Allah. It comes from one of the Attributes of Allah Ta’ala - Ar-Rahman, The Merciful. See Raheem (ar).

RAIHAN: A sweet-smelling flower.

RAJAB: The seventh month of the Islamic calendar. See Hijri

RAJFA: Violent earthquake. See Holy Qur’an, Al-A’raf (7):155.

RAJM (AR): Stoning. In Islamic law the Hadd punishment for whoever is married and commits adultery is to be stoned to death.

RAK’AT: A unit of the Salat (Prayer), a complete series of standing, bowing, two prostatrations and sittings. Plural: Rak’at.

RAMADAN: The ninth month of the Islamic calendar. It is very important month in the Islamic world. (1.) It is month of fasting, during which all adults Muslims who are in good helath fast from the first light of dawn until sunset each day. During the first third of the fast you taste Allah’s mercy; during the second third you taste Allah’s forgiveness; and during the last third you taste freedom from the Fire. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):185. (2.) It is the month in which the revelation of the Holy Qur’an to our Holy Prophet Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, commenced. (3.) The Lailatul Qadr (see Qadr, Lailatul) occurs in this month. (4.) The famous Battle of Badr was fought and won in this month. (5.) The Conquest of Makka by Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, took place in this month.

RAMAL: Hastening, walking brisky and moving the shoulders brisky; usually done by men (only) in the first three circuits of the Tawaf, but not in the remaining four.

RAMI: The act of throwing seven pebbles at each of the three Jamras, representing Iblis (Satan), at Mina. See Jamrat al-’Aqaba.

RASOOL: Messnger. A prophet of Allah Ta’ala who came with a pure revelation from Allah to mankind and the Jinn. For a complete list of the messengers and prophets referred to in the Qur’an: See Rusull.

RAWI: A narrator of Ahadeeth.

REA’ (SHIRK AL): A minor Shirk. Carrying out a religious act of worldly gains and not for the pleasure of Allah, e.g. giving Zakat for the sake of fame or praise. See Shirk.

RIBA: Usury. Usury is of two kinds. (1.) Riba Nasi’a - taking interest on loaned money. (2.) Riba Fadal - taking something of superior quality in exchange for giving less of the same kind of thing of poorer quality. Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala has strictly forbidden any kind of Riba and has warned of severe punishment to those who have any association with it. This is because all Riba involves getting something for nothing at someone else’s expense, and is destructive. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Baqara (2):275-280, Aali ‘Imran (3):130.

RIDA: A cloth that is worn on the upper part of the body.

RIDWAN, PEACE BE ON HIM: Name of the angel who is keeper of the Gate of Jannah (Paradise). Literally means "Allah’s Good Pleasure".

RISALLAH: Letter. Muhammad, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, sent many messengers with letters to various leaders of the world inviting them to Islam. For example of such letters:

RIWAYAAT: Narrations of Ahadeeth.

RIZQ: Provision. Sustenance. Is derived from the word "Al-Razaq". The Provider or Sustainer, one of the ninety-nine Attributes of Allah Ta’ala.

ROOH: Spirit. See Holy Qur’an, Al-Hijr (15):29, Al-Isra (17):85-86, Al-Mujadilah (58):22, Al-Ma’arif (70):4. An-Naba’ (78):38, Al-Qadr (97):4.

ROOH AL-QUDUS: The Holy Spirit. Another name for the Angel Jibreel (Gabriel), peace be on him. His duty was to communicate between Allah and His prophets. Allah Ta’ala strengthened the Prophet Isa (Jesus), peace be on him, with Holy Spirit (Al-Baqara (2):87, 253). This is one of the reasons why the Nasara (Chirstians) believe that the Prophet Jesus was divine. If Jesus was Allah, then why did he need strengthening? They also believed that the Holy Spirit was divine. If the Holy Spirit was Allah, then how was He sent and by whom? Who has the power to command Allah to go anywhere? Glory be to Allah, the Most high. Surely they disbelieve who say that Allah has associate.

ROOHU’LLAH: According to the Ulamaa min as-Sahaba (the people of knowledge from among the companions of t he Prophet, may the blessings and peace of Allah be on him and them, and their students), the Roohu’llah can be considered in two distinct and different ways: The Created - what belongs to Allah: i.e. Allah’s slave, Allah’s House, Allah’s soul (i.e. soul created by Allah). Consider the creation of Adam and the Prophet Isa (Jesus, Son Mary), peace be on them. Allah said "Be" and they were created. The Creator - Who is neither a person nor a thing : e.g. Allah’s statements (Kalimatu’llah), Allah’s knowledge (‘Ilmu’llah). Allah says in the Qur’an: "Say: ‘The spirit is by command of my Lord, and you have only been given a little knowledge." Holy Qur’an, Al-sara (17):85.)

ROOM (AL): "The Romans". Surah 30 of the Holy Qur’an.

RUBUBIYAH (TAWHEED AL): Unity of Lordship, To believe that there is only one Lord, the Master and Creator of the Universe, Who oversees and orders it in every moment, and that He is Allah Subhana wa Ta’ala. See Tawheed.

RUKN: Pillar. Singular of Arkan. See Arkan.

RUKU: The Bowing position during the Salat (Prayer).

RUQBA: A gift of a house given to somebody to live for as long as they live, after which it is returned.

RUQYA: Divine words, usually from the Holy Qur’an, used as a recitation to cure an illness or a disease.

RUSHD: Right conduct and correct behavior.

RUSULL: Messengers. All messengers are prophets, but not all prophets are messengers. The Holy Qur’an mentions twenty-five Prophets, amongst whom are six messengers: (1.) Nooh (Noah). (2.) Ibrahim (Abraham). (3.) Dawood (David). (4.) Isa ibn Mariam (Jesus, son of Mary). (5.) Muhammad May the blessings and peace of Allah be on all the Prophets and messengers, on those who are known and those who are not known, and on all their sincere followers in every age. Singular: Rasool.